By Abigail Comar
The Michigan State University Museum’s newest exhibition uses an interdisciplinary approach to engage visitors with the topic of climate change.
The exhibition, called 1.5° Celsius, includes installations from 15 artists, researchers and scientists around the world.
1.5° Celsius refers to the global temperature limit above pre-industrial levels, as defined by the 2015 Paris Agreement, to prevent irreparable damage to the Earth. The global temperature is currently at 1.1 degrees Celsius above those levels.
The exhibition reflects the growing attention natural history and science museums are giving to climate change and its impacts.
Devon Akmon, the MSU Museum director, said the exhibition’s curators aimed to inspire actions from visitors.
“We are living in a time of great urgency,” Akmon said. “It’s like the sand in the hourglass is ticking and there’s not much left.
“We’re almost in a sense of paralysis,” he said.
Akmon said the main goal of the exhibition is to generate discussion about climate change.
One way the exhibition facilitates that process is with collaborators who work in the gallery.
Harmant Grewal, an MSU student collaborator – like a docent – said the exhibition is a perfect combination of science and art.
“Seeing it all come together to express a common theme of ‘we need to change’ so that we can improve our climate is really important to me,” Grewal said. “My favorite part is we’re able to teach people and help them understand the exhibits better.”
One driving force Akmon highlighted behind the development of the exhibition is that all museums have a responsibility to think about what it means to be relevant.
Deb Kerr is the president and CEO of Intuit, the Center for Intuitive & Outsider Art, in Chicago and a museum studies instructor at Northwestern University.
She has an extensive background in science museums, including 17 years at the Shedd Aquarium in Chicago, and is a former member of the National Wildlife Federation’s Great Lakes Leaders Council.
Museums, Kerr said, are being held to a higher standard for relevance and meaning in society today’s.
“Young people really are thinking about everything,” Kerr said. “These are issues that are important to the emerging constituents.”
Kerr said Intuit’s youth programming focuses on social justice, which often includes projects focused around environmental problems and sustainability.
Kerr identified one struggle to stay relevant as the need for museums to balance funding and programming content.
“Museums live and die by donations,” she said. “Some of the largest donations come from corporations, and not all of those corporations are names we necessarily want to be associated with into the future.”
Kerr emphasized the difficult situation between the need to meet minimum financial requirements while still maintaining a museum’s mission.
Therese Quinn, the director of museum and exhibition studies at the University of Illinois at Chicago, explained that the privatization of museums makes them more vulnerable to suspect funders.
Quinn gave the example of when she curated an exhibit about garbage and recycling for a children’s museum. Before the opening night for funders, the museum director censored some of the labels Quinn created for the exhibit.
Quinn said the museum was afraid that one of its larger funders, a waste management company, would be upset and withdraw support because of the content.
She said big donations often come from funders like fossil fuel companies, which could conflict with a museum’s values, especially if it has exhibitions about topics like climate change.
“The direct connection between who has the power and who calls the shots, funders really do change content sometimes in some of these exhibits,” Quinn said.
1.5° Celsius was funded primarily by the MSU Federal Credit Union.
Akmon said that the MSU Museum’s mission is geared towards the university community, which includes students, faculty, alumni and their families.
He said its content should resonate with the student body.
According to Akmon, an academic museum like his should be at the forefront of change.
“An academic museum should be experimental,” Akmon said. “It should push boundaries. It should in some cases be a little provocative.”
Quinn said, “Many museums are still largely conservative spaces and not always willing to take the kind of risks with the content that could be disturbing for their visitors. Or, maybe more to the point, for their funders.”
Kerr said one way for museums to provide information about climate change without a high level of commitment is through programming.
Programming often includes activities like workshops, guest speakers and other interactive events to engage the public with museum content.
“Exhibitions are more expensive, harder to develop, have a longer lifespan and are oftentimes more difficult to update and change as the data changes,” Kerr said. “Programming you can change almost instantaneously.”
1.5° Celsius isn’t the only climate-focused exhibition the MSU Museum is curating.
Akmon said it’s working on a new exhibition for spring 2023 in collaboration with the Smithsonian. The MSU Museum will be the first site for a national touring exhibition looking at climate change through the boreal forest.
Boreal forests grow in cold regions, where temperatures are freezing most of the year. Conifers, like pine and spruce trees, make up boreal forests.
Akmon said the exhibition will include more natural science collections and exhibits, using a historical context to look toward the future to explore climate change in boreal forests.
Another museum in the Great Lakes region educating about climate change is Science North in Sudbury, Ontario.
Our Climate Quest is a traveling exhibition that aims to engage youth across Canada in climate action. The tour will continue until the end of 2025.
The museum also has the Climate Action Show, geared towards teaching children about climate change.
Akmon, Kerr and Quinn all emphasized the importance of young people in museum relevancy, particularly on the issue of climate change.
“I think these younger generations are pushing and applying pressure on museums to do something meaningful about what is arguably the most urgent issue of our time,” Quinn said.
Kerr said each museum needs to figure out why it’s relevant to its community.
“How it can have a voice in breaking down some of those mythologies of the past and telling the most true stories it can,” Kerr said.