By Lucy Schroeder
Early detection is often critical in the fight against invasive species.
Citizen groups in Michigan and Wisconsin are combating invasive aquatic plants by producing videos to help them identify invasive species fast.
“Video is great because we can easily show plants from different angles,” said Jo Latimore, outreach specialist in the department of Fisheries and Wildlife at Michigan State University. Latimore starred in the Exotic Aquatic Plant Watch video co-produced by the MiCorps Cooperative Lakes Monitoring Program and Michigan’s Department of Environment Quality. It highlights four common invasive aquatic plants in Michigan lakes.
Identifying invasive plants gets easier every year, said Marilyn Merit, a coordinator for two lakes in the MiCorps lake program and who plans to have volunteers view the Exotic Aquatic Plant Watch video as a training tool.
A plant that has proven to be particularly troublesome in Merit’s lakes is starry stonewort. In 2016, starry stonewort was found in every site they surveyed, Merit said. Only two-thirds of the sites had starry stonewort the previous year.
Starry stonewort is a new and rapidly spreading invasive species in both Michigan and Wisconsin. It can crowd out native species and make it difficult to swim or boat. To create awareness of this invasive plant, University of Wisconsin Citizen Lakes Monitoring Network created a video on identifying it.
However, if no “stars” are present, starry stonewort is hard to identify without sending samples in for genetic testing, Latimore said.
Chemical and physical treatments are expensive and not particularly effective against starry stonewort. Researchers are looking for ways to find it faster. Training citizen lake monitors to detect it early is the main weapon against this invasive plant.
Battling invasive species means that they must anticipate new invaders.
“With invasive species, there is always something new,” Latimore said.
That means more videos.
To stay up to date, MiCorps plans to make quick 60 second videos about individual invasive plants, as well as a video to guide lake monitors on what to do if they find these plants.
The University of Wisconsin Extension lake monitoring program is also working on new videos about species specific identification and their citizen monitoring protocol aquatic invasive species. Their long term project in the works is on native plant identification.
“If we can train citizens on what the natural community is, they can report if they see something they don’t recognize,” Skawinski said. By knowing what is not supposed to be there, citizen monitors could detect new exotic plants earlier and stay one step ahead in the battle against invasive species.