National energy consumption dropped 4% in 2020 compared to 2019, residential consumption increased 2%, commercial consumption dropped 6% and industrial consumption dropped 8%. Hover over the states on the map to see individual changes. Image: Commercial Cafe
By Taylor Haelterman
Meetings at home, virtual classes, computers running, lights on, heat or air conditioning cranked up, it may feel like 2020 was the year of using more energy.
But Michigan’s total energy consumption dropped 5% compared to 2019.
That’s 1% more than the national average decline, according to the United States Energy Information Administration. The stats recently were reported by Commercial Cafe, a commercial real estate organization.
Shifts in energy demand were seen in states across the Great Lakes region:
- Because Michigan residents stayed home during the pandemic, residential energy consumption increased 7%, which is above the national average of around 2%. But industrial consumption dropped 16% and commercial dropped 6%, according to the report.
- Minnesota and Indiana closely followed Michigan with industrial use drops of around 15%.
- Indiana had the biggest decrease in total energy consumption at about 9%.
- Pennsylvania showed the most change in commercial energy use in the region with a 12% decrease.
On average, total energy consumption decreased just over 5% in the Great Lakes region – which includes Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York, according to the report.
The Great Lakes states averaged an increase in residential use of just over 2%, a decrease in commercial use over 7% and a decrease in industrial use of 11%.
But this data could still change, said Doug Gotham, the director of the Indiana State Utility Forecasting Group.
“My caveat from (the report) is they relied on EIA 2020 data that’s still preliminary,” he said. “That data hasn’t been finalized yet and may be revised before EIA finalizes it. So take that with a grain of salt.”
From what he’s seen so far, Indiana is closer to the regional average of a 5% decrease in overall consumption, Gotham said.
But Indiana could be at a greater industrial decrease than the national average because they use more energy for industrial purposes than most of the county, and the economic shutdown during the pandemic hit that sector hard, he said.
Michigan residential energy use went up, especially during the stay-at-home orders. At the same time businesses shut down or reduced operations, causing industrial and commercial use to decrease, said Brian Wheeler, the media relations manager for Consumers Energy.
Consumers Energy provides electricity to 1.8 million customers across Michigan’s Lower Peninsula. Its energy sales figures are similar to the percentage shifts in the report, he said.
That prompted the company to focus on reducing operating costs so they didn’t pass extra costs from any loss in revenue to consumers, Wheeler said.
“Because our sales were down, it was about looking to really trim our own expenses and manage our business even more effectively, so that we could reduce costs,” he said. “We don’t want to be in a situation where we are passing along any extra costs to people during the pandemic.”
Consumers’ customers didn’t get hit with rate increases due to the pandemic, but that wasn’t the case for all Michiganders.
“With higher residential consumption we’ve seen higher residential bills over the last year. Things like assistance programs, and energy waste reduction, and energy efficiency programs become all the more important for folks that are working and learning from home,” said Dan Scripps, the chair of the Michigan Public Service Commission.
One assistance program offered by the commission and utility companies used relief funds to pay utility bills for struggling customers. Programs like that left many in a better position than before the pandemic, Scripps said.
“The total number of folks behind on their bills, and the total amount of unpaid bills, is actually down from where we were a year ago,” he said. “That’s surprising but kind of a testament to some of the steps we’ve taken to make sure that folks are protected.”
The lasting impacts of these changes on utility providers and consumers are unknown until we see what the new normal is and how many people return to work, Scripps said. But it is unlikely to have any direct impact on energy generation or policy.
In the end, we may never know the true impact the pandemic had on energy consumption.
“The problem is it’s virtually impossible, five years from now, to know,” Gotham said. “Because you don’t know everything that would’ve happened if we wouldn’t have had a pandemic.”